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Special Political and Decolonization Committee
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee begins with the Security and Political Committee. The workload of this committee became unmanageable, resulting in the division of this into two committees; The Disarmament and Security Committee (DISEC) and the Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL). This happened because of the increasing number of international conflicts, and the inability to take care of every single case that aroused in the global arena.
Today SPECPOL deals with decolonization, refugees, human rights, peacekeeping operations, outer space, public information, atomic radiation, mines left by the War, and universality of peace.
The Committee began in 1990 when the United Nations named the decade as “The International Decade of Eradication of Colonialism”. This enhanced the duty to eliminate most of the remaining colonies and guiding them throughout the path to become sovereign states.
SPECPOL includes 193 member states and its mandate can be found in the chapter XI of the United Nations Charter, which supposes to care for the rights of those Individuals living in colonized territories.
The Committee passes resolutions with suggestions on how the United Nations and its member states should deal with all issues regarding living in these territories. Thanks to this, the number of people living in Colonized territories have fallen from more than 750 million to just over two million, from the creation of the UN.