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LoN (League of Nations) Topic : The Last Remnant from World War I : Solving the Turkish Problem after the Failed Treaty of Serves
Historical context: January 1 st , 1922
Back at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, the international community had
been reshaped in a way never seen before. After the continent had been self-destructed,
diplomatic relations had to look for a new way to be made, in order not to have the past
repeated. What was about to happen had been a dream for some, and an illusion for
others; but, in the end, it has come to be a reality for all of them, as the League of
Nations has been working for two years since its creation on the 10 th of January of 1920.
With the purpose of maintaining peace and order at the international level,
countries are willingly working side by side to draw attention to the matters of their highest
concern in a common arena. Having learnt from the outcomes of the well-known “armed-
peace”, different commissions and bodies have been created for the sake of humanity to
live in a peaceful world, where sticks and stones have no place in international discussions.
The League of Nations is composed by 47 member states and their colonies. The
three main bodies directing the organization’s activities are the Assembly, the Council
and the Permanent Secretariat. Moreover, very different issues are addressed by the
several agencies and commissions formed by the League. Commissions like the ones on
Disarmament and Slavery are working fiercely to make the world a better place. Other
quite successful body is the Health Organization, which is working to prevent typhus
from spreading in Russia through education programs, alongside the medical help
already provided by the organization to help eradicating it.
Another agency worth mentioning is the International Labour Organization,
which has already brought some member states to establish a limit of eight hours a day
work, and forty-eight hour working week. Another highly recognizable achievement is
that of the Commission on Refugees, led by Fridtjof Nansen, creator of the Nansen
passport for those prisoners of war who still remain stateless. Together with the Red
Cross, the Refugee Commission is sending medical aid and products of primary
necessity to the rural areas of Russia were millions of people are starving to death due
to the damages of the war.
The League of Nations is a solid institution which the world has needed for a
long time. Keeping peace and order are tasks that all countries must fulfill together, and
for that is necessary to put all the work in the right hands. In the words of the Prime
Minister of Sweden, Hjalmar Branting “no nation is so great as to be able to afford, in
the long run, to remain outside an increasingly universal League of Nations”.
– The last remnant from World War I: solving the Turkish problem
after the failed Treaty of Sèvres
After four years of devastating war, our continent finally saw peace with the five
main treaties. Signed in the last three years, the Treaty of Versailles dealt with
Germany, the Treaty of Trianon, with Hungary, the Treaty of Saint-Germain, with
Austria, the Treaty of Neuilly-sur- Seine, with Bulgaria, and the Treaty of Sèvres, with
the Ottoman Empire.
Or so we thought. Disgusted with the situation of defeat and the position in
which the Ottoman diplomats put the once glorious Empire, the Grand National
Assembly revoked their nationality. This marked a grand division in the remaining
territories of Turkey: caliphate loyalists versus reformist nationalists, which led to the
current situation of war in Anatolia.
What started as a united allied front started losing fuel as the United Kingdom
and Armenia withdrew from the war in 1920, and last year, so did Italy and France. The
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, immerse in its very own war campaign,
also supports the Turkish National Movement. As of today, only Greece and the
Ottoman structures continue to fight the reformists.
The Grand National Assembly is progressively getting more international
recognition and is considered by some countries to be the legitimate ruler of Anatolia.
Only two months ago, the soviet republics of Transcaucasia signed the Treaty of Kars in
Yerevan –formerly at war with them- and demarcated the borders of Turkey to the
We are reunited in this forum to discuss the current situation and the possible
solutions, listening to both sides and working towards the end of an ongoing war that is
only causing death and division between the peoples of Turkey.